How to perform CPR

Dr Ranj Singh goes through the essential steps in performing the life-saving process of cardiopulmonary resuscitation

How to perform CPR

A shocking number of people do not know how to perform Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation, or CPR. However, the chances of survival go up significantly if timely CPR and defibrillation is provided.  CPR can be crucial in cases of cardiac arrest, maintaining circulation, breathing and brain function until more definitive treatment is started.

Here are the basic steps of CPR for an adult:

1) Make sure it is safe to approach.

2) Check for a response – if there isn’t any, check for signs of life.

3) If there are none, call out for help or go and get help. Also find the nearest AED if available.

4) Start chest compressions aiming to press the centre of the chest at a rate of around 100-120 per minute

5) Keep giving chest compressions until the victim recovers, help arrives or you become too tired.

6) If you are trained to do so, give 2 breaths after every 30 compressions, otherwise just continue with hands-only CPR.

7) If an AED is available, attach it and simply follow the instructions.

This sequence can be used on all ages, including children if you have not been specifically trained in child CPR.

Voice: Dr Ranj Singh